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Nume de cod “frica”. De ce sînt uitaţi ultraşii revoluţionari din Egipt?

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30 Jan 2011 la 11:04 17 comentarii 1293 vizualizari.

Citind şi văzînd Egiptul online (televiziunea e încă o dată penibil de depăşită). Ce-am găsit eu interesant. Şi aştept de la voi lucruri şi mai interesante… Mulţam.

Foarte tare e această perspectivă: preamărirea mişcărilor politice în cadrul mişcărilor revoluţionare şi uitarea aproape completă a ultraşilor din galeriile cluburilor de fotbal:

Everyone from the Muslim Brotherhood, to labor unions, to Wikileaks are being credited for contributing to Egypt’s uprising. But what about hardcore soccer fans? These guys are better at tangling with cops than just about anyone.

When asked about the role of political groups in organizing protests, prominent Egyptian blogger Alaa abd El-Fatah told Al Jazeera today: “The ultras – the football fan associations – have played a more significant role than any political group on the ground at this moment.”

Chief among these are supporters of the team Al Ahly (“The National”). Al Ahly’s history is intertwined with the protest of oppressive regimes: It was founded as a sports club in 1907, in part to give student unions a place to gather at a time they were organizing against British colonial rule. According to Middle East soccer expert James Dorsey, today’s Al Ahly supporters are notorious for overwhelming police barriers at matches and their general toughness—in other words, they’re well-suited to cut through tear gas in the streets, or to join the human chain protecting the Egyptian Museum from looters. (sursa gawker)

În Slate se pune întrebarea “cum opreşti internetul, există un buton pe care apeşi şi gata?”. Nu, totul se negociază cu companiile distribuitoare, Vodafone de exemplu. Mai sînt unii însă care au net pe acolo – nu neapărat partea bună a baricadei.

Evidence suggests a government official called Egypt’s four biggest Internet service providers—Link Egypt, Vodafone/Raya, Telecom Egypt, and Etisalat Misr—and told them to halt connections. (Vodafone has said it cooperated because the regime has the legal authority to order such a halt.) An engineer at each ISP would then access the ISP’s routers, which contain lists of all the IP addresses accessible through that provider, and delete most or all of those IP addresses, thus cutting off anyone who wants to access them from within or outside the country. That doesn’t mean each ISP had to physically power down their computers; they simply had to change some lines of code.

Egypt didn’t shut down the entire Internet. About 93 percent of Egyptian networks have been disabled, according to Renesys, a company that monitors global Internet activity. One major ISP, Noor Group, is still up and running. Perhaps not coincidentally, Noor happens to host Egypt’s stock exchange. Web connections used by the government and military are also likely still operating on their own private ISPs. Some Egyptian users might also be able to use old-fashioned dial-up connections.

Am ales fragmentul ăsta din Le Monde, dar putea fi oricare altul. Sintagma cod este “eliberarea de frică”. Nici o revoluţie fără slogan.

Deux pays arabes ont déjà prouvé l’absurdité de la stratégie de la peur. Cette dernière n’a pu empêcher deux révolutions. Les démocraties occidentales ont beau garder un souvenir cuisant du basculement iranien, qui transforma en 1979 un allié en ennemi, elles doivent reconnaître qu’il ne sert plus à rien de couvrir les turpitudes de ces régimes qui s’avèrent incapables, au final, d’empêcher l’histoire de s’écrire.

The Independent găzduieşte cîteva întrebări ale unor experţi care  nu “ne liniştesc”, ci neliniştesc.

“There is currently a sort of earthquake, nothing less. It started in Tunisia; it is continuing in Egypt. The political situation in Lebanon is, in any case, very complicated; in Yemen there have already been two straight days of protests that have their own local peculiarities It cannot be said that these are just isolated incidents. There is something broader which can be termed the Tunisia or al-Jazeera effect.”

Yoram Meital, Middle East analyst

“Be careful what you wish for – you may get something worse. The biggest geopolitical nightmare for Israel is to have the most populous Arab country on its doorstep with political instability. Believe me, it changes the whole balance of the Middle East. It makes everything else look very simple because suddenly we go back 30 years.”

Kishore Mahbubani, Dean and professor at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore

The Atlantic cu un liveblogging foarte bun. Cine a tras în noi?

A Daily Dish reader translates this video:

Shot boy: The Army entered and shot us. They said we were being disruptive, but we were not; we were quiet. They shot at us with live bullets and rubber bullets. They were a lot of dead people and hurt people. I feel for them.
Voice behind cam: All in the last few hours?
Shot boy: Yes, all in the last few hours.
Voice: But we saw people happy and dancing on Army vehicles.
Shot boy: They were, and when they went inside the shooting started. They’d go in and out and shoot at us.

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